chromium in water side effects
The human body contains approximately 0.03 ppm of chromium. Diabetes. Many households that rely on city water are rightly worried about exposure to chromium and other dangerous contaminants. But what is it, and why is it a concern? However, it is reviewing health effects data of hexavalent chromium and may set limits on its levels in drinking water in the future. Many workers are exposed to chromium-6 during the production of stainless steel, chromate chemicals, and chromate pigments. The background document reviews microbial, chemical and radiological aspects of drinking-water, and addresses the chemical aspects of chromium toxicity: general description; environmental levels and human exposure; kinetics and metabolism in laboratory animals and humans; effects on laboratory animals and in vitro test systems; Pacific Gas and Electric was forced to pay $333 million after wastewater contaminated with hexavalent chromium leaked into nearby groundwater. Hinkley has since become a ghost town. Chromium may be linked to other cancers as well. The chromium exposure uncovered by the real-life Erin Brockovich resulted in the largest ever direct action lawsuit settlement. Further, the sperm experienced lower motility, meaning they were less mobile and energetic. As of December 2010, the EPA has not established a safety standard for chromium-6 in drinking water. Unfortunately, a report found that chromium 6, the very same carcinogen at the center of the Brockovich lawsuit, has been found in city water across Maryland. Residents suffered higher cancer rates than the general population, and chromium exposure may have resulted in other medical conditions as well. However, you couldn’t blame Maryland residents for wanting cleaner water. Let’s take a look. Only a few animal studies have found a possible connection between chromium-6 in drinking water and cancer, and only when the laboratory animals were fed levels of chromium-6 that were hundreds of times greater than the current safety standards for human exposure. In some people, it may be a reason for diarrhea or irritability. Niacin, or vitamin B-3, is cleaved from the chromium molecule in CDG once it is absorbed by your body. In 2010, the Environmental Working Group (EWG) tested tap water in 35 U.S. cities and found chromium-6 in 31 of them (89 percent). What Is Fracking, Hydrofracking or Hydraulic Fracturing? It could manifest as an occupational hazard, such as in metallurgy and electroplating jobs, or through contamination of water. These findings encourage the use of Chromium in weight loss programs. Chromium is used mainly in metal alloys such as metal-ceramics, stainless steel, and is used as chrome plating. Both of these conditions could result in lower fertility. It is found in trace amounts in plant products, specifically grains. NIOSH considers all chromium-6 compounds to be potential occupational carcinogens. Hinkley’s ground water contained concentrations as high as 580 parts per billion, more than 10 times California’s current drinking water standard of 50 ppb for total chromium compounds. Some people experience side effects such as skin irritation, headaches, dizziness, nausea, mood changes, impaired thinking, judgment, and coordination. In September 2010, the EPA launched a reassessment of chromium-6 when it released a draft human health assessment that proposes classifying chromium-6 as a likely carcinogenic to humans who ingest it. That doesn't mean the EPA was declaring drinking water with a chromium-6 safe for human consumption. Even if hexavalent chromium doesn’t ring a bell, you’ve probably heard about it before. Nearly 200 million Americans across all 50 states have been exposed through their tap water to higher-than-recommended levels of chromium-6, a cancer-causing chemical, according to a new report. On the flip side, chromium can also provide health benefits to humans. So, what are the effects of chromium, anyway? There have been some reports of chromium causing occasional irregular heartbeats, sleep disturbances, headaches , mood changes, and allergic reactions. The EPA expects to complete the health-risk assessment and make a final determination about the cancer-causing potential of chromium-6 through ingestion in 2011 and will use the results to determine whether a new safety standard is needed. Evidence of chromium-6 in drinking water, due to negligence in other medical conditions as well compounds to be occupational. Leaked into nearby groundwater the health effects of chromium are more likely to suffer lung cancer and sinus. 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